Guiana

Geography

French Guiana is the largest French « departement ». It is actually as large as Portugal, and it is a region situated in the Amazonian east coast, a frontier region with Brasil and Surinam. 95 percent of its surface is made of trees. Its latitude is 5° North and 54° West.


The climate:

A blend of sun and rain. It is an equatorial climate which bestows the rum Toucan the aroma highly appreciated  by connoisseurs. Warm and humid under the soft trade  winds, there is a rainy season that goes from November to June and a dry season from July to October.


The average temperature, and a truly ideal one, is 28°,
with a humidity rate of 80 %.

 Nature

Biodiversity

The fauna and flora of the French Guiana humid forest possesses an unequalled biodiversity, composed of thousands of extraordinary species: plants, fish, birds,mammals, amphibians, snakes, insects and Arachnida.


The River

It is the cradle of Amerindian civilisations, the unique link between men and civilisation. It is the only way to enter in the deep of the Amazonian forest.


It can be, at the same time, a peaceful stream or a swift-flowing and powerful torrent of rocks and whirlpools.

History

For 6000 years, the Amerindian people,who had come from Asia by the Bering strait, have lived in French Guiana.Columbus sailed along its coasts for the first time in 1498.


In 1677, Guiana became a part of France and as the population grew, the plantations grew too.


In 1852, Napoleon III decided to build a prison there. The same year Paoline, an Amerindian, discovered gold in Guiana. The precious material is still highly coveted nowadays.


In 1964, the Kourou Space Centre was built. It became the first
European space station and was a great success.